The enigmatic Gunung Padang, a pyramid-like mountain, emerges from the distance, shrouded in mysterious mist, evoking a sense of awe and intrigue.
Sean Cate
Sean Cate
November 15, 2023 ·  3 min read

Giant Pyramid Buried in Indonesia Could Be The Oldest in The World

A hidden wonder lies tucked away on an Indonesian island, shrouded by time and natural forces. The site, Gunung Padang, reveals a fascinating tale that challenges our understanding of ancient civilizations.1 Recent findings suggest that this buried giant may hold the key to rewriting history books.

Unveiling the Ancient Marvel at Gunung Padang

The structure, nestled within an extinct volcano on West Java, Indonesia, has long been a subject of debate.2 Locals revered it as a sacred site, yet its true nature remained a mystery. Scholars pondered whether it was a natural formation adorned by human touch or a marvel constructed by ancient hands.

Image Credit: RaiyaniM/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 4.0

Decades of conjecture gave way to a multi-year scientific expedition from 2011 to 2015.3 A team of archaeologists, geophysicists, and geologists meticulously probed Gunung Padang’s depths. Employing seismic and radar technologies, alongside invasive drilling and radiocarbon dating, they unraveled its secrets.

Their extensive study, published in the journal Archaeological Prospection, unveiled startling evidence. Gunung Padang, believed to be a megalithic structure, emerged as a testament to human craftsmanship. The researchers found clear indications that the structure was predominantly man-made and constructed in staggered stages, spanning millennia.

Read: A Sinkhole in the Heart of Rome Led to the Discovery of Ancient Ruins

A Timeline Beyond Imagination

The revelations defied conventional historical timelines. The pyramid’s genesis dates back to an unfathomable era, possibly as far as 27,000 years ago. Its construction spanned epochs, with evidence pointing to distinct phases separated by millennia.

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Builders sculpted lava atop the volcano, shaping the initial layers. Millennia later, between 25,000 and 14,000 BCE, further additions transformed the structure. Then, a deliberate burial around 7000 BCE concealed earlier craftsmanship—subsequent enhancements, including stone terracing, culminated in the pyramid visible today.

The researchers’ detailed analysis established a rough timeline:

  • Construction may have commenced during the last glacial period, more than 16,000 years ago.
  • Builders could have started shaping the core structure between 25,000 and 14,000 BCE.
  • Around 7900 to 6100 BCE, a phase of expansion and additions took place.
  • Further modifications occurred between 6000 and 5500 BCE, revealing deliberate burying or construction over older sections.
  • The final phase, between 2000 and 1100 BCE, saw the addition of topsoil and stone terraces.

Unraveling Gunung Padang’s Past

The significance of Gunung Padang transcends its age. It challenges established narratives of human history, posing intriguing questions about the capabilities of ancient civilizations. The presence of potential hidden chambers within the structure teases untold discoveries yet to be unveiled.

However, mysteries persist. Questions about the builders’ identity and their technological prowess linger, sparking debates within the archaeological community.4 Skepticism abounds, echoing concerns about the site’s age versus known technological advancements of its supposed era.

Geologist Danny Hilman of Indonesia’s National Research and Innovation Agency, the driving force behind this study, remains undeterred. Despite challenges and skepticism, Hilman stands by the findings, highlighting the significance of Gunung Padang as a remarkable testament to ancient ingenuity.

A Glimpse into the Future

In the quest for knowledge, researchers remain undeterred. Their commitment to interdisciplinary investigations aims to unearth hidden truths, shedding light on an era long lost to time. Gunung Padang stands as an emblem of human ingenuity and the wonders of our ancient past.

As controversies persist and debates endure, Gunung Padang is an enigma waiting to be deciphered. Its allure resonates across disciplines, beckoning further exploration. The commitment to unraveling its mysteries fuels the pursuit of answers that might reshape our understanding of prehistoric civilizations.

In essence, Gunung Padang stands not just as an archaeological marvel but as a testament to our unending curiosity and the enduring allure of the mysteries that lie beneath the earth’s surface. It remains a symbol of untold stories waiting to be revealed, inviting humanity to uncover its secrets and rewrite the narrative of our ancient history.

Keep Reading: Scientists Make Scary Discovery After Reaching the Bottom of the Red Sea


  1. Giant Pyramid Buried in Indonesia Could Be The Oldest in The World, Researchers Say.” Science Alert. Carly Cassela. November 3, 2023.
  2. Gunung Padang: Could this underground pyramid in Indonesia be the oldest in the world?.” BBC. November 3.
  3. New evidence strongly suggests Indonesia’s Gunung Padang is oldest known pyramid.” Phys.  Bob Yirka. November 6, 2023.
  4. Buried pyramid in Indonesia may be older than civilization itself.” National Post. Chris Knight. November 6, 2023.